1. Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue: In this ruling, the Supreme Court held that states cannot exclude religious schools from state-funded scholarship programs, expanding the scope of school choice and impacting religious freedom in education.

2. Bostock v. Clayton County: The Supreme Court ruled that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects LGBTQ+ individuals from employment discrimination, which has significant implications for LGBTQ+ students and educators.

3. Our Lady of Guadalupe School v. Morrissey-Berru: The Supreme Court ruled that religious schools have a “ministerial exception” that prevents most employment discrimination claims, affecting the ability of teachers at religious schools to seek legal recourse for workplace discrimination.

4. Harvard University v. Students for Fair Admissions: A federal court ruled in favor of Harvard University in a high-profile affirmative action case, upholding the use of race as a factor in college admissions.

5. California Teachers Association v. California Public Employment Relations Board: In this case, the Supreme Court declined to hear a challenge to a California law that requires public-sector unions to grant nonmembers an opportunity to opt out of paying union fees, impacting union funding and membership.

6. American Federation of Teachers v. National Right to Work Foundation: The Supreme Court ruled that the First Amendment prohibits public-sector unions from charging agency fees to non-consenting nonmembers, impacting union finances and collective bargaining power.

7. Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn (2011) was ruled that Arizona taxpayers lack standing to challenge a tax credit for donations to school tuition organizations that predominantly benefit religious schools and students, potentially affecting voucher programs.

8. Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1: The Supreme Court ruled that race-based school assignment plans used by the Seattle and Louisville school districts were unconstitutional, limiting the ability of school districts to adopt voluntary integration plans.

9. Plyler v. Doe: In this landmark decision, the Supreme Court held that states cannot deny immigrant students access to a free public education based on their immigration status.

10. Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District: This ruling clarified the standard established by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for determining whether a student with a disability has received a “free appropriate public education” (FAPE), ensuring higher expectations for students with disabilities.

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